This is part of the story of my great Grandfathers family who came to Echuca, via South Australia and Tasmania, from Cambridgeshire England. Where I know some of the story of their lives you will find those stories in the narrative. This is limited to then generations because I have excluded those that are still living but the family now numbers many thousands of descendants from John Woolley and Elizabeth Cade.
1. John WOOLLEY. Born, before 1590, in ENGLAND.
He married Elizabeth CADE, 2 Jul 1590, in Somersham, ENGLAND. Born, before 1590, in ENGLAND. Children:
ii.Alice. Christened, 1592, in Somersham, ENGLAND.
2. Edward WOOLLEY (John, 1). Born, after 1590. Died, 1642, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1593, in Somersham, ENGLAND. Burial: 1642, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
He married Margaret WAIT, 15 May 1617, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
i.Elizabeth. Christened, 1618, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
ii.John. Died, 1622, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1622, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1622, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
iv.Henry. Died, 1668, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1625, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1668, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. He married, first, Margaret LEAKE, 30 Jun 1645, in Bury, ENG. He married, second, Joane SKINNER, 16 Jul 1655, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
v.Margaret. Christened, 1628, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
vi.Edward. Died, 1684, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1630, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1684, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
vii.Robert. Died, 1634, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1633, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1634, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
3. John WOOLLEY (Edward, 2). Died, 1685, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1623, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1685, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
He married Ann. Died, 1690, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1690, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Children:
i.Edward. Died, 1656, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1656, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
iii.Mary. She married Robert ALCOCK, 29 Oct 1675, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
iv.John. Died, 1657, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1654, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1657, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
v.Susanna. Christened, 1665, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
vi.Elizabeth. Died, 1663, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1662, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
vii.Edward. Died, 1701, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1665, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. He married Anne LAVENDER, 3 Nov 1691, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
4. Henry WOOLLEY (John, 3). Died, circa 1703, in ENG.
He married Alice LOVELL, daughter of William LOVELL and Ellen, 16 Jul 1672, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died, 1701, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1654, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1701, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Children:
i.Henry. Died, 1708, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1673, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1708, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. He married Jane FAULKNER, 6 Jan 1700/1, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
iii.William. Died, 1676, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1676, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1676, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
iv.William. Died, 1695, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1677, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1695, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
vi.Edward. Died, 1682, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1682, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1682, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
vii.Elizabeth. Christened, 1685, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
viii.Edward. Christened, 1685, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died in infancy
ix.Ellen. Christened, 1687, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
x.Alice. Died, 1689, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1689, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1689, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
xi.Alice. Christened, 1690, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died in infancy.
xii.Richard. Christened, 1692, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
xiii.Ellen. Christened, 1693, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
xiv.Richard. Died, 1695, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1694, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1695, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
xv.William. Died, 1697, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1697, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1697, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
5. Mary WOOLLEY (Henry, 4). Died, circa 1701. Christened, 1674, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
She married Robert LAVENDER, 8 Oct 1699, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Children:
i.John. Born, after 1699, in ENG.
6. Jonathan WOOLLEY (Henry, 4). Died, 1733, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. Christened, 1680, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1733, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. Baptised 'John', but appears in most later records as either Jon or Jonathan.
He married, first, Mary BODGER, 16 Apr 1702, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died, 1719, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Children:
i.John. Died, 1703, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1703, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
ii.Mary. Died, 1707, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1707,
in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died in infancy.
iii.Mary. Christened, 1707, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died in infancy.
iv.Henry. Christened, 1709, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
v.John. Died, 1756, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. Christened, 1710, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1756, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. He married Elizabeth EDIS, 13 Jan 1731/2, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG.
vi.Henry. Died, 1712, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1712, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1712, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
vii.Mary. Died, 1713, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1713, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1713, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Relationship uncertain.
viii.Alice. She married William FISH, 27 Aug 1740, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG.
ix.Susan. She married William TOMBS, 7 Apr 1743, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG.
He married, second, Ellen EDIS, 14 Jan 1719/0, in Ramsey,
Huntingdonshire, ENG. Children:
x.William. Died, 1721, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1721, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1721, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG.
xi.Mary. Christened, 1722, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. She married John FORD, Mar 1746 (?).
xii.William. Christened, 1724, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died in infancy.
xiv.Thomas. Died, 1800, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. Christened, 1727, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. Burial: 1800, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. He married Susan MILLER, 17 Nov 1760, in Whittlesey, Isle of ELy, ENG.
xv.Letitia. Christened, 1732, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG.
7. William WOOLLEY (Jonathan, 6). Died, 1781, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1725, in Whittlesey, Isle of Ely, ENG. Burial: 1781, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Witnesses to his second marriage were John RUMBELOW and G.GRIGGS (Richie WOOLLEY, pers comm 08/05/1990).
He married, first, Elizabeth AVORY, 23 Sep 1754, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Died, 1770, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Christened, 1733, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Burial: 1770, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. Children:
i.William. Christened, 1758, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. He married Elizabeth UFFINDALE, 1 Nov 1786, in Chatteris, Isle of Ely, ENG.
ii.Thomas. Christened, 1761, in Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, ENG. He married Sarah FALKNER, 15 Nov 1790, St. Mary's, Whittlesey, ENG.
He married, second, Jane MELTON, daughter of William MELTON and Sarah DURRANT, 25 Dec 1772, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG. Born, circa 1746, in England (from Richie WOOLLEY, pers comm 08/05/1990). Died, Jan 1827, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG. Christened, 9 Nov 1746, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG (ibid.). Burial: 30 Jan 1827, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG(from Richie WOOLLEY, pers comm 08/05/1990). Children:
iii.Jane. Died, 1774, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG. Christened, 1774, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG. Burial: 1774, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG.
iv.William. Christened, 1775, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG.
8. Phillip WOOLLEY (William, 7). Born, before 1780, in Eng. Died, Jan 1836, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, ENG.
He married Elizabeth DARBY, 2 Apr 1799, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire,
Eng. Born, before 1780, in Eng. Died, Mar 1825, in Cambridgeshire, England.
i.Elizabeth. Born, circa 1800, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
iv.Jane. Born, circa 1806, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 1807, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
v.Jane. Born, circa 1808, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 1827, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. She married Joseph RUMBELOW.
vi.Sarah. Born, circa 1811, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 1829, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
vii.John. Born, circa 1814, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 1818, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
viii.Robert. Born, circa 1817, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. He married Catherine EDWARDS, 17 May 1852, in All Saints, Hindmarsh, SA.
9. Sarah WOOLLEY (William, 7). Christened, 1779, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG.
She married, first, Thomas SEABER, son of Richard SEABER, 22 Sep 1794, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG. Christened, 1767, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENG.
She married, second, Richard BLAYDON, 6 Oct 1804, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENGLAND. Born, before 1800. Children:
i.Sarah. Christened, 1804, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENGLAND.
ii.John. Christened, 1807, in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, ENGLAND.
To Van Diemans Land
Prior to 1820 there was little encouragement for people to emigrate from England to Van Diemans Land, but during the 1820's it increased dramatically mainly due to the practice of awarding grants of land. "As well as gentlemen farmers, retired military officers on half pay were encouraged to emigrate by holding out to them, in consideration of their services, advantages superior to those enjoyed by settlers. These advantages included remission of quit rent, and the waiving of a deposit as security for the land. Instituted in 1826, the scheme also applied to Naval Officers. Retiring officers who intended to immigrate, instead of relinquishing to the crown one-third value of the Commission on condition that they booked a passage on board a vessel proceeding direct to the colony. After free land grants ceased in 1831 these officers had to buy land, but a sum was remitted from the cost, in their favour according to rank or service."
By 1830, immigration was being encouraged, The Van Diemans Land Company, formed in 1825 for the purpose of raising fine woolled sheep, was granted 250,000 acres in north-western Tasmania. The company recruited in England, advanced wages to the immigrants, and brought them to Van Diemans Land on the condition that they were indentured to the company's service for five years after their arrival .
"On 28 January, 1831, Lieutenant-Governor ARTHUR received a despatch from the Secretary of State, Viscount GODERICH, ordering that no more land be granted to colonists. The reasons for this order were twofold - firstly, large tracts of land were being alienated to persons without proper means to improve, and secondly, the system of indiscriminate grants had not served one of the purposes for which it had been instituted, namely to relieve the Mother Country of its unemployment problem. 'No such relief can be possibly afforded by the mere removal of Capitalists...it is the emigration of the unemployed British labourers which would be of real and essential service.'"
"GODERICH suggested that a scheme of assisted immigration be set up to defray the expenses of the emigrants who would otherwise undertake the cheaper passage to America. money was to be raised for this purpose out of the proceeds from land sales or from finance donated by individual colonists desirous of employing non-convict servants."
An Emigration Commission was set up in London on 24 June, 1831, and instituted two schemes which organised the passage of emigrants to Australia. The first scheme, known as the Bounty System was set up to encourage the passage of single females who were to be used as domestic servants. An initial cost of 8 pounds was to be paid by the women and the balance of the fee for the passage to be paid by the Colonial Government on their arrival. Those who could not afford 8 pounds were advanced the money on condition that it be repaid from their wages.
The second scheme, called the '20 advances' scheme, was instituted "...to encourage the emigration of married men with young families, firstly mechanics and then agricultural labourers...An order for payment was presented to the Master of the ship conveying the emigrant; the Master then presented it to the colonial authorities as his claim against the cost of conveying the emigrant."
The WOOLLEY family had watched three sisters Elizabeth, Jane and Sarah, die between 1823 and 1829. It is not known what happened to their parents, but it is obvious that at least three of the surviving children came to a collective decision about where their future lay and decided that it would be in Australia.
And so in 1836, Benjamin WOOLLEY, an agricultural labourer, aged 32, his wife Ann, aged 23, and their three daughters Hannah aged 6, Elizabeth 3, and Eliza 1, boarded the Sunderland built vessel William Metcalfe at Portsmouth. Also on board were Benjamin's older brother William, aged 35, his wife Melinda, aged 33, and their children John 6, Janet 5 and Jacob 4, together with Benjamin and William's younger brother Robert, aged 20.
The William Metcalfe had made a previous voyage to Tasmania as a convict ship. On 25 May, 1834 she sailed direct from Portsmouth with 270 male convicts and arrived in Hobart on 4 September, 1834, after a voyage of 102 days. It is worth considering some of the records of that voyage which shed some light on the types of conditions which were endured by the WOOLLEY's as immigrants some 3 years later.
All surgeon-Superintendents on board the convict ships were required to keep a log consisting of a daily sick list, detailed information on the treatment of seriously ill persons on board, and general remarks about the voyage. Henry Gordon BROCK on board the William Metcalfe had made four previous journeys to Van Diemans Land and on this occasion wrote -
'The male convict ship William Metcalfe sailed form Deptford on the 7th of May 1834 and proceeded to Woolwich where 140 Male convicts were embarked the ship there proceeded to Spithead where the remainder ammounting in all to 240. Our final departure from England took place on the 25th of May and our arrival at Van Diemans Land (not having touched anywhere) on the 4th September following and on the 12th the whole of the Guard and Convicts originally embarked were landed.
The time of the year alloted for the departure of Convict ships from England materially influenced the health of the convicts throughout the voyage, and if a choice could be made, the months of May, June and July, ought to meet with a decided preference, the height of the...deck is a consideration which desires attention, where ships are taken up for this service, that of the William Metcalfe was 7 foot 8 inches under the beam.
I have in my former journals in this service spoken fully of the advantages resulting from the regulation and management of Convicts, as influencing there health during the voyage, and having nothing to add I need only refer to these remarks in order to convey any present ideas upon the several subjects contained.
As regards the material cases contained in the preceding pages I have with...to offer, under the...state of William Bentick proved particularly obstinate and I had despaired of his recovery where first symptoms of and cases showed themselves and I attributed the...of this case to the hot Bath assisted by the stimulant diaphosphate mixture and which appeared to tease [?] the balance upon which his existence then rested, of the few cases of cholic [?] only one could be considered as spasmodic. The favourable...of these I attribute to the early application of those...which I have found exist...in getting the stomach and bowels to act...The cases of...may be remedially expiated to occur from the judicious change of temperature experienced in passing into the Southern latitudes. The cases of scurvy were of a...and yielded to the...
The size of the journal would only...of my including all the ...throughout the voyage whether to trascribe [?] the medicines daily ordered in the respective cases.
Henry Gordon Brock M.D.'
All of the following is directly quoted from a book by Richie WOOLLEY, 1987. "Why did William, Benjamin and their families decide to emigrate? Why did they chose to subject themselves to a three month ocean voyage that involved much discomfort and considerable risk? What made them foresake their familiar surroundings for an uncertain future in an alien land from which they had almost no chance of return?... The lot of the rural English working man had been deteriorating for years. The consolidation of common land and small holdings into larger estates had helped create a class of landless agricultural labourers dependent on wages for their survival. A rapid and continuing growth in population had begun in the mid 1700's, and the rural labour market had been unable to absorb the increase. Unemployment rose and wages fell.
The end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815, with its accompanying slump in the prices of agricultural produce, and the return of thousands of former servicemen to village life, triggered a further sharp rise in unemployment.
Relief provided by their parish the effective unit of local government out of its rate collections was available to those who were unable to maintain themselves. However, this system had not been designed to cope with chronic unemployment. It was intended to supplement rather than replace the normal income. Consequently as the unemployment problem grew, the financial burden on individual parishes became so great that they were obliged to impose restrictions on their assistance.
The choice for many labouring families then became one of either accepting extreme poverty, or placing themselves at the disposal of generally unsympathetic parish authorities. Crime rates jumped. Discontent and distress exploded into violence when attempts were made to introduce some mechanisation into agricultural practices.
It was against this depressing background of social and economic upheaval that the British Government introduced a system of assisted emigration to its Australian Colonies in the early 1830's.
No doubt it was this opportunity that prompted the WOOLLEY brothers to submit their application Forms in September, 1836 for 'Agricultural Labourers and Mechanics desirous of receiving a Bounty from Government in aid of their means of Emigrating to New South Wales or Van Diemans Land.'
This document sought information about a prospective emigrant's age, trade, marital status, wife's age, children and intended destination. William's answers to its questions were '35, Farmer's man, married, 29, John (6), Jacob (4), and Jane (3); and Van Diemans Land.'
William's application was signed by two of his west row neighbours, Charles YOUNGMAN and Edward COWELL, who were officially described as 'respectable Householders'. They were required to certify that they were
'...aquainted with the Person above named, and that we believe him to be an honest and industrious Man, and likely to maintain himself in the Colony to which he wishes to go...'
The form was countersigned by the curate of Mildenhall Parish, Revd. John Hardy RAVEN, who certified that
'to the best of my belief...the above Certificates are authentic, and...the Persons whose Signatures are affixed to them are worthy of credit.'
Revd. RAVEN was evidently unaware that some of the details listed in William's application were incorrect. Melinda, for example, was in fact aged 32. The provision of misleadiing information, and in particular the deliberate understatement of age, was to draw adverse official comment at the end of the emigrants' voyage."(from a book by Richie WOOLLEY, 1987, p.4 5).
"Their application successful, the two WOOLLEY families made their way to London, where they boarded the 'William Metcalfe' on October 6th, 1836. One of their fellow passengers was Samuel ELLIOTT, a native of Somerset. ELLIOTT kept a journal of the 'William Metcalfe's' voyage. He recorded that their departure was delayed by bad weather, with predictable consequences for those who were unused to shipboard life. "Saturday 8th. A very wet and rough night past, this morning scores of the passengers were sea sick..."
The adverse weather continued for several days. "Monday 10th...the weather being so rough...the Captain ordered the other anchor to be got ready as it was not unlikely that the one in use might not hold the ship. The wind and rain exceeds all I ever saw before..."
"Tuesday 11th. A very rough night past..."
"Wednesday 12th. A tolerably fine night passed...We were in hopes of sailing this afternoon, but towards evening the wind rose and blew very hard..."
Eventually conditions eased and to the great relief of all, the William Metcalfe was finally able to get under way.
"Saturday 15th. A pleasant night, wind fair, weighed anchor at 6 a.m...."
"Sunday 16th. The lovliest morning I have seen for a long time...The little wind we have is Favourable, we now begin to recover our spirits..."
With the advent of more favourable weather, life for the emigrants settled into a comfortable rhythym. A fortnight passed almost without incident. Hopes for an easy passage were dashed, however, when the William Melcalfe enterd the tropics. The temperature soared, doubts about the quality of the ship's provisions arose, and the first deaths occurred. ELLIOTT recorded their sorry progress: "Thursday (November) 3rd. Stormy weather...This morning we committed to the great deep Henry, son of George and Elizabeth HALE...aged 8 months." "Saturday 5th...lightning very fierce last night..."
"Sunday 6th...This morning...Thomas, son of Joseph and Eliza BARWICK...aged 2 years was consigned to a watery grave. Something called wine was served out for the first time this morning, it was passable but many of the passengers thought it was more fit for the finny tribe than for us..."
"Thursday 10th...Michael, son of Michael and Mary MARTIN...aged 2 years was cast into the watery deep."
"Tuesday 15th. Very hot unfavourable winds...Maria, daughter of William and Mary PURTON...was buried in the wave."
"Wednesday 16th...it is so very hot that we have an awning spread over us to keep off the fierce rays of the sun crossed the line (equator) between 11 and 12 last night..."
The ship's crew celebrated the crossing of the equator by subjecting a number of the amle passengers to a crude and demeaning shaving ceremony. It served only to further lower shipboard morale. ELLIOTT's journal continued:
"Sunday 20th. Very hot weather...this morning about 5 o'clock died Eliza, wife
of Joseph BARWICK..."
"Monday 21st. Very hot foul winds..."
"Tuesday 22nd. It is now so very hot that some of the passengers stop on deck nearly all night..."
"Saturday 26th. Very hot...This day about noon died Maria, daughter of William and Maria PAGE...aged 3 years."
"Thursday (December) 1st...About 1 o'clock died Ellice DALEY aged 18..."
On boarding the William Metcalfe, ELLIOTT and two other passengers, Thomad WATCHORN and John GIBB, had been appointed by the Emigration Agent, Mr. MARSHALL, to oversee the distribution of rations, ELLIOTT wrote in his journal on December 5th that "...being (urged) by several of the people to assert my right to see the rations weighed out, I went down for that purpose. I had determined to look on and say nothing then, till I had informed myself and others of the way of serving them pout, but I could see almost as soon as I got down that everything was done in a shuffling underhand manner between the chief mate and a few hand picked fellows..."
A previous disputee had already soured relations between ELLIOT and the Captain. So deep was their mutual dislike that ELLIOTT considered that it would be impossible for him to persuade the Captain to intervene in the matter. Thus the majority of the ship's company were obliged to get on "...as well as we could with rations just sufficient to keep us from starving and that of a very inferior quality, although Mr. MARSHALL had provided a good stock of provisions for us we...never had them, only some ols ship's stores...while a few favoured ones were served with the best on purpose, to swear in the Captain's and Doctor's behalf in case we made a stir about is when the ship arrived at her destination."
Like amny of his fellow passengers, ELLIOTT suffered from the effects of a poor diet. On Sunday, December 11, he noted that he was "...afflicted as some others with a very large boil under my cheek bone, these boils are believed to arise from the salt provisions..."
Diet would have also played a part in the tragedy that struck the WOOLLEY's two days later when Benjamin's daughter Eliza succumbed to the rigours of the voyage. Her death was to be the last for some time, however, as the William Metcalfe had by then reached more temperate waters.
ELLIOTT recorded their improved progress: "Wednesday 14th. We now seem to have fallen in with the winds which...blow here nine months out of twelve, upon the whole we have little unfavourable wind..."
"Friday 16th and Saturday 17th. Fine weather, fair wind and smooth water."
"Monday 19th. We are highly blest with fine weather, fair winds..."
With largely favourable conditions persisting into the New Year, the days passed quickly. A sense of expectation began to build, as ELLIOTT observed:
"Tuesday (January) 10th...Seeing the sailors clearing and packing away the things that can be dispensed with cheers us...as it shows that we are getting near our destination..."
A sudden cold snap shattered any similar feeling that the two WOOLLEY families might have enjoyed, for with it came the death of Benjamin's daughter, Hannah, on Thursday, January 12th. The ship also sufffered in heavy seas, so much so that on January 16, ELLIOTT was moved to write "...It has been dreadfully rough all night and the ship rolls very much. I lay down on my wet bed last night...not expecting to see daylight anymore..."
His mood of pessimism gave way to one of mounting frustration as calm conditions followed the storm. "Friday 20th. The weather is fine but little wind we have is unfavourable and our progress very little."
"Sunday 22nd. We are frequently disappointed in our expectations for we were hoping to spend this day...in the new world but we are still on the deep waters. Oh that God would be pleased to hasten our deliverance out of this sink hole of hell..."
Deliverance came almost too swiftly, as ELLIOTT recorded: "Monday 23rd. This morning about half past three...the pleasing cry of 'Land. Land', was echoed through the ship, it was merciful Providence that we did not make it before, as the man appointed to 'look out' very fooolishly kept abaft the fore sheet where he could see nothing. Thomas WATCHORNE...went to the forecastle for some purpose and looking up, shouted as loud as possible 'Port Helm' or we shall be on the rocks. The Captain ran out with only his shirt on...he swore dreadfully a the 'look out' and altered the ship's course. Thomas WATCHORNE declared to me afterwards as the ship wore round he could have flung a penny piece on the rock..."
This near disaster was followed by yet another frustrating delay. The William Metcalfe had made such a speedy passage that her appearance in the Derwent on the morning of January 24 caught the local authorities unprepared. Accomodation was hastily arranged at the Asylum in Campbell Street, and the new arrivals were finally able to disembark early next morning.
What kind of people had the William Metcalfe brought to Van Dieman's Land?
The ship's doctor, James EVANS, was distinctly unimpressed. Although a supporter in principle of the assisted emigration scheme, he wrote in his post voyage report to the Colonial Secretary that "By an absence of all care in the selection...a wide door is thrown open to abuse...The idle, the troublesome, the dissipated, the infirm, are mustered from all quarters by parochial authorities, happy to be rid of such characters on any terms".
He continued: "The effect of this want of attention...in the selection of fit persons for emigration was particularly observable in the married part of the...passengers of the William Metcalfe. Broken down dissipated characters, who haave deserted the trades they had been trained to, had fallen with their large sickly families into poverty annd ruin by spirit shop speculation. Agricultural labourers who would make it a subject of boast that they ahd been bribed by their respective parishes to avail themselves of the promises of Emigration. Vagrants by profession, poachers and persons who made no attempts to conceal that they had suffered imprisonment...Of such characters was a large proportion of the married community constituted."
Surgeon EVANS tempered his remarks with an expression of sympattthy for those passengers in the most dire circumstances. He also observed that there were a few "striking eexceptions" among the emigrants: "mechanics" and "agriculturalists" who would be useful and creditable members of the new community. His assessment of the majority remained, however, that they were "A class of people not desired in any community where habits of industry, moral steadiness, or any useful qualification are deemed recommendaable."
EVANS' comments were echoed by the Colonial Secretary, who stated in his report to the Executive Council that "It is to be regretted that...Family Emigration...has not been...successful. This however, may be entirely attributed to the unsuitableness of the selection, many of the Heads of Families who arrived by the 'William Metcalfe' being, from age and constitutional infirmity, quite incapable of earning the means of support for themselves, much less their children."
The Colonial Secretary was particularly concerned aabout abuse of the scheme. He identified several instances of this including the case of "William PURTON, Agriculturalist, Wife and 6 children...The Father, although entered as 45 years of age in the list transmitted from the Colonial Office, is ascertained to be nearly 60 years old, and the Mother, who is rated at 36, is stated to be nearly 50. Both are infirm and incapable of earning a livelihood."
The observations of EVANS and the Colonila Secretary, although valid, were possibly overstated. As labourers, sawyers and small farmers, many of the William Metcalfe's passengers were to play a valuable role in the developpment of their adopted home.
EVANS, in particular, was probably guilty of exaggeration. It was under his supervision that 13 of the emigrants had persihed. By calling into question the worth of his charges, he may have hoped to diminish his apparent responsibility for their fate. His comments on the ship's rations are worth noting in this regard: "With reference to the victualing arrangements...the scheme was in every way well adapted the scale liberal and the provisions of the best quality. Had there been on board, however, a supply of sago, arrow root or some such substitute for salt provisions, the younger part would have fared better. To want of such articles of infant diet I attribute the great mortality which it will appear we experienced...In low fever, which...proved fatal in four or five instances. I had to lament an omission on the part of Mr. MARSHALL, the Agent of the Emigration Committee, on whom I had relied for a supply of Port Wine for the use of the sick in such cases".
These remarks are at odds with those expressed by Samuel ELLIOTT, and they clearly betray EVANS' desire to excuse himself from any blame for the emigrants' ills (WOOLLEY, 1987, P 4 9).
Their voyage over, the two WOOLLEY families were faced with the daunting task of rebuilding their lives in an unfamiliar land. Hobart's vigorous community afforded a measure of security that they were understandably reluctant to leave, and it was their on September 27, 1838, that William asnd Melinda's son Robert Charles, was born.
Sometime in the next three years, William was drawn to the Huon River district. Although still relatively isolated and only partly settled, the area boasted a flourishing timber industry that provided excellent opportunities for able bodied men.
The census taken on December 31, 1841, recorded William's presence at Petchey's Bay. He was working as a sawyer, and his two eldest sons, John and Jacob, were with him. Like som amny others in the district, they were living in a bark hut.
Such primitive accommodation was clearly unsuitable for young children, and Jane and Robert remained in Hobart with Melinda. They were living in Brisbane Street when the youngest member of the family, Tabitha (or Talitha), was born on August 7, 1842.
Tragedy struck in 1848 when Jane succumbed to consumption on August 3 in Hobart. She was buried four days later in St. David's Church of England Cemetery.
Jane's death was registered by J. WOOLLEY of Huon River. Whether this was John or Jacob cannot be determined, but the address given does indicate that William's family was still divided.
On January 31, 1854, John married Mary DAVIS in the house of the Independent Church minister in Hobart. Mary's origins are obscure but according to family tradition, she was born in London on November 11, 1833, the daughter of James DAVIS and Isabella LAWRENCE.
The witnesses to John and Mary's wedding identified themselves as Joseph and Melinda GARD. In doing so they revealed the true state of William and Melinda's marriage. Under the strain of prolonged separation, it had broken down completely.
With divorce almost an impossibility for ordinary nineteenth century couples. Melinda's relationship with Joseph remained a de facto one. When liver disease brought about her death in Hobart on December 18, 1858, the event was registered by Joseph, who with respect for legality, described her as "Melanda WOOLLEY, Sawyer's wife". She was buried in St. David's Cemetery on December 21, 1858.
Joseph subsequently married Susan PRIEST in 1861. Their first and only child was born in 1863. She was named Melinda, presumably at her father's request.
Joseph died at Hobart on June 12, 1865.
10. William WOOLLEY (Phillip, 8). Born, circa 1801, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 29 Mar 1858, in Franklin, Tas.
He married Melinda BRYANT, 10 Mar 1827, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Born, before 1810, in Eng. Died, 18 Dec 1858, in Hobart, Tas. Children:
13 ii.Jacob Henry.
iii.Jane. Born, circa 1833, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 3 Aug 1848, in Huon River, Tas. Christened, 1833, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
iv.Talitha. Born, circa 1833, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 1835, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
14 v.Robert Charles.
15 vi.Talitha Jane.
11. Benjamin WOOLLEY (Phillip, 8). Born, circa 1804, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, Nov 1854, in SA (SADI 1627/1854). Occupation: Carter.
He married Ann CLARK, before 1831, in Eng. Born, circa 1814, in Eng. Died, 30 Jun 1850, in Hindmarsh, SA. Children:
i.Hannah. Born, circa 1831, in Eng.
ii.Elizabeth. Born, circa 1834, in Eng. She married Charles HAYWARD.
iii.Eliza. Born, circa 1836, in Eng.
16 iv.Robert Benjamin George.
vi.William. Born, circa 1846, in Bowden, SA.
vii.Benjamin. Born, circa 1848, in Bowden, SA.
'In South Australia I was Born...'
Adelaide: The Early Years
By that time Adelaide was the newest of European seettlements in Australia. In contrast to Tasmania it was settled with free persons and not convict labour. The story of its settlement is an interesting one.
The United Kingdom of the 1830's was anything but united. Riots over delays in the Reform Bills, outbreaks of Cholera and other diseases and starvation in the rural areas were common in England. In Ireland, although the worse days of the famine were yet to come, still people starved and fought the British garrisons. It was only in Scotland where the people "almost as if they had never produced a border raider or religious fanatic in their history, seemed to have turned into admirable level headed folk, straight out of Robert Louis STEVENSON, and enjoying a higher standard of education than the English"
With these domestic problems the government of the time was keen to encourage emigration but the stigma of convictism and the inability of people to pay the cost of passage meant the rate of emigration was slow. A convict named Edward Gibbon WAKEFIELD formed a theory of systematic colonisation which suggested the government should sell land in Australia rather than give it away. He made a number of suggestions -
"-Land should be sold at what WAKEFIELD called a sufficient price -The proceeds should be used to convey labourers to the colony, keeping an even balance between the sexes - People of means should be encouraged to emigrate" .
His proposals caused great interest amongst a number of influential people who were interested in colonisation and in 1834 they managed to get a Bill into Parliament for an Act which established South Australia as a British Province. It was to be a free colony, transportation of convicts was banned. The South Australia Company was set up and land was sold to prospective settlers. Benjamin and Ann WOOLLEY may have come taken advantage of this in their move from Tasmania to South Australia.
The trip by ship from England was long and arduous and there was a high infant mortality rate. "Cramped conditions and poor hygiene may partly explain the high proportion of infant deaths, but it was chiefly a matter of diet. The food was generally plentiful and of good quality, but it didn't include fresh fruit and vegetables. Passengers began to suffer from multiple vitamin deficiency, particularly of Vitamin C, which lowered their resistance to infection. The children whose resistance was lowest, contracted respiratory and intestinal infections, because dehydrated from diarrhoea and vomiting, died" .
Those priveleged passengers who could afford to pay 50 to 70 pounds for the voyage were assigned to cabins. "They messed with the captain and were entitled to a good dinner of fresh meat every day 'and every reasonable comfort, including a pint of wine, and a moderate quantity of spirits and malt liquor to each person'. The intermediate passengers paid about 35 pounds. They enjoyed much the same conditions as the cabin passengers but appear to have had a less varied diet" .
But it was in steerage that the passengers were forced to endure the poorest conditions. The emigrants were organised into a mess system consisting of 6 or 8 people. "The mess captain drew the rations and took them to be cooked in the galley. Each man and woman was entitled to three quarters of a pound of bread a day, half a pound of fresh and preserved meat on alternate days, three quarts of water daily, and a weekly sufficiency of flour , suet, tea, coffee, cocoa, sugar, butter, potatoes, rice, peas, raisins, oatmeal, vinegar and mustard" .
"The steerage passengers occupied cabins ranged along each side of the ship and measuring about 2 meters by 2 meters. A curtain covered the front of each cabin. They ate their meals at a long table running down the center of the ship. it must have been advisable for them to tire themselves out on the open deck during the day, as no lights or fires were allowed below except lanterns and swing stoves, and these were put out at 9 p.m.. There was no smoking between decks,'and upon the open deck only to leeward.'"
The WOOLLEY'S at Bowden
When I first began the search for my WOOLLEY ancestors I had some difficulty getting beyond the early 1840's in Adelaide. I knew that my great-great-Grandfather, Phillip WOOLLEY was born in Adelaide, South Australia circa 1845. According to his death certificate his parents were Benjamin WOOLLEY, a labourer, and Betsy(?) WOOLLEY, domestic duties, maiden name not known.
The South Australian Genealogy and Heraldry Society checked The Biographical Index of South Australian 1836-1885 (BISA) for me and found a record for a Phillip WOOLLEY. They wrote -
"Holy Trinity Church Records (North Terrace, Adelaide) Church of England noted the Baptism 31-8-1843 of Phillip born 14-7-1843. Parents Robert and Ann residing at Hindmarsh, Robert being a labourer. Baptismal No.1502, ceremony performed by Rev. J. FARRELL M.A.."
At the time I was unable to confirm whether this is my Phillip or not but I suspected it may have been if naming patterns meant anything. The BISA gives Phillip's father's name as Robert Benjamin and their religion as Church of England (P.1744).
The BISA also mentions another Benjamin WOOLLEY who had arrived in South Australia by 1840. His occupation was also a a labourer, his residence Bowden and his wife's name was also Ann. Their religion was also Church of England and they had three children -
1. Robert Benjamin George (1840-)
2. William (1846-)
3. Benjamin (1848-)
Information received from Ritchie WOOLLEY indicates that the two WOOLLEYS found in the BISA, Robert and Benjamin, are one and the same person.
Robert WOOLLEY did not marry until 17 May 1852 when he wed Catherine EDWARDS, aged 20, at the All Saints Church Hindmarsh .
On 30 June 1850 Ann WOOLLEY died aged 36 years of inflammation of the bowels. This gives her birth date as circa 1814, however according to the William Metcalfe shipping records she was 23 years old in 1834 which gives her a birth date of 1811. On her death certificate Benjamin is described as a bullock driver. He was left a widower with at least seven children, Hannah aged about 22 years, Elizabeth 19, Eliza 17, Robert 10, Phillip 7, William, 4 and Benjamin 2.
Benjamin only lived another four years and died in November 1854, aged 51 years. His occupation then was carter. At the time of writing I don't know who raised the children. It is possible that the three girls were married by then and may have taken over the raising of their brothers, or perhaps their uncle Robert and his wife Catherine looked after them.
Robert WOOLLEY must have died prior to 1870 because Catherine aged 35 was married again on 20 January, 1869, to Thomas REVITT a widower aged 52 years. Both were then resident at Beverley.
There was a Robert George Benjamin WOOLLEY who died at Sandhurst near Bendigo in 1888 aged 48 years. According to the Victorian Death Indexes (VDI) his parents were Benjamin Phillip WOOLLEY and Ann CLARK (VDI 11289/1888). Phillip was also resident in Bendigo at the time of Robert's death.
Given that I now believe that the two Benjamin and Ann WOOLLEYS mentioned in BISA are one and the same, then it is therefore likely that the Robert who died in Sandhurst in 1888 was my Phillip's brother. None of this is confirmed yet but may become clearer if I purchase Robert's death certificate.
According to his death certificate Phillip married three times, firstly to Sarah COXEN. But before I continue with this story I will give a brief insight into South Australia of the 1840's.
Colonel George GAWLER now Governor of South Australia wrote a summary of the affairs of Adelaide to the Commissioners on 26 October, 1838 -
"The population, the trade, the commerce, and sales of land are much greater than was anticipated in England, and the work for Public Servants is increased in the same proportion.
I am assured that the population of Adelaide, and its neighbourhood is between 4,000 and 5,000. In the course of the alst three months nearly 10,000 acres have been sold in the Colony. Cattle Stations are extended to a distance of 35 miles Eastward from Adelaide and the Coaching Trade with the Eastern Australian Colonies is very active. The establishment of Surveyors is altogether unequal to the demand for land: 21,000 acres of Preliminary Purchases remain unsurveyed, and of course the great mass of subsequent purchases unprovided for."
Mary Ann BEASLEY's diary describes the city of Adelaide in the winter of 1839 -
"About 1/2 mile or less before coming to Adelaide we came to a large open dreary looking space, at least a mile across and of gentle ascent. In the centre of this plain we found dispersed in the form of a square about thirty woodden cottages each divided by a partition into two houses, having consequently a door at each end - a family lives in each of these apartments. There are about 8 or 12 paces between each cottage.
On the East side of the square the houses are in a double row. This is emigration square, where the Emigrants are first placed, and kept upon the same list as on board ship until such time as they can find employment for themselves.
The largest and most regular street is the one you first come to running the whole length of the place. Mr. HACK's house is in it and several Capital two storied houses in it but for the most part half built; with the exception of here and there a two storied house they are all single storied, built of wood and roofed with wooden tiles.
Adelaide is a very large struggling place so that it is impossible to see all over it at any time. In many places the houses stand at 50 yards one from the other, and in some places as far as 100 yards. It would puzzle a newcomer to understand how all these struggling houses could possibly come together at a future period so as to form a single street."
GAWLER found that the settlement was growing rapidly, and as a consequence of the instruction that he was committed to house and feed the new emigrants and provide public works jobs if they could not find employment, he was forced to increase expenditure. The Commissioners in London sent 2,800 emigrants on free passage to the colony in 1838, 4,600 in 1839 and 3,000 in 1840. GAWLER found that in the last two years of his Governorship the population had increased to 15,000. The Commisioners, geographically far from the decision making made by GAWLER and seemingly failing to understand the difficulties under which his administration laboured were incensed at the rapid escalation in expenditure and began to look for a scapegoat.
On 15 May, 1841, Captain George GREY arrived in Adelaide with papers which appointed him the Governor and notified GAWLER of his recall.
12. John WOOLLEY (William, 10). Born, circa 1829, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 17 Mar 1910, in Glen Huon, Tas. Christened, 1829, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
He married Mary DAVIS, 31 Jan 1854, in Hobart, Tas. Born, circa 1833, in
ENGLAND. Died, 14 Jul 1920, in Glen Huon, Tas. Children:
18 i.John James.
19 ii.Henry Benjamin.
20 iii.Thomas William.
21 iv.Samuel Robert.
22 v.Edward Robert.
vi.Charles Frederick. Born, 17 Sep 1864, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 13 Feb 1865, in Franklin, Tas.
23 vii.Jane Isabella.
24 viii.Annie Elizabeth.
x.George Frederick. Born, 29 Jan 1869, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 20 Nov 1890, in Glen Huon, Tas.
26 xi.Phillip Benjamin.
27 xii.Mary Eliza.
28 xiii.Charles Frederick.
xiv.Mary Ann. Born, 6 Nov 1879, in Tas. Died, 24 Apr 1950, in Hobart, Tas. She married Charles HELM, 11 Feb 1903, in Judbury, Tas.
"John and Mary returned to the Huon after their marriage, on October 2, 1855, thier first child, John James, was born at California Bay (Cradoc).
The 1857 census found them at Cradoc Hill. John stated in his return that their household consisted of eight people himself, Mary, baby John James and brother Robert, together with two other men (one an ex convict), a female convict and her infant son. All four men were probably employed as sawyers, although John later worked as a blacksmith for a short time.
William [John's father] also appeared in the census. He was living alone at California Bay, and was described as a farmer.
Shortly after the birth of their second son, Henry Benjamin, in February, 1858, John and Mary moved from Cradoc to Franklin, where John turned his hand to farming. William must also have made a similar journey, for it was at Franklin on March 29, 1863, that he died. The event was registerd by John, who stated that his father had succumbed to "General debility and break up of the Constitution". William was buried in the St. JOhn's Church of England Cemetery at Franklin on April 1, 1863.
John proved to be a somewhat less than successful farmer. With a rapidly growing family to support, he began to experience financial difficulties. In December 1870, he mortgaged his 104 acre property for 60 pounds, which was to be repaid at an interest rate of 8% per annum. His debts continued to mount, and John eventually decided that he would have to abandon farming and return to the industry that he knew best timber if he was to survive.
To make his change of occupation possible, John took out a 200 pound second mortgage in September 1879. He used this to finally discharge his first mortgage, settle his 35 pound account with teh Franklin storekeeper, and in 1880, to purchase 107 acres of heavily wooded Crown Land at what is now known as Glen Huon.
The move to Glen Huon did not solve John's personal financial problems. It did, however, open up ways for his sons (and grandsons) to earn a living: initially as splitters and sawmillers, and thereafter as farmers and orchandists.
In later years, John and Mary lived on the hill at Glen Huon that now bears their name. John died at his residence on March 17, 1910. Mary also passed away there on July 14, 1920. They were both buried in the Methodist Church Cemetery at Glen Huon." (from WOOLLEY, 1987 P12 13).
13. Jacob Henry WOOLLEY (William, 10). Born, circa 1829, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Died, 1903, in Tas. Christened, 1829, in Mildenhall, Cambridgeshire, Eng.
He married, first, Mary BOREHILL, 24 Oct 1854, in Franklin, Tas. Born, before 1840. Children:
i.Robert James. Born, circa 1855, in Tas. Died, 28 Mar 1869, in Gundurimba, NSW.
ii.Melinda. Born, 30 Dec 1857, in Sydney, NSW. She married William Julius HANSEN, 1880.
iii.Susan. Born, 27 Mar 1860, in Newcastle, NSW. She married David RICHARDSON, 1878.
iv.William. Born, 23 Feb 1862, in Newcastle, NSW. He married Caroline SOUTHON (nee COLLINS), 1895.
v.Archibald Jacob. Born, 1 May 1864, in Newcastle, NSW.
He married, second, Margaret STEWART. Children:
vi.Ellen J. Born, circa 1869. She married William Frederick BONNELL, 1888.
vii.Edward Richard. Born, circa 1870. He married Christina Ann HICKS, 1903.
viii.Henry R. Born, circa 1874.
ix.Ada Violet. Born, circa 1876. She married William FROST, 1891.
x.James J. Died, 1879.
"Jacob WOOLLEY married Mary BOREHILL (or BORRELL) at Franklin on October 24, 1854. Mary had been born 1834 at Paisley in Scotland. Her family emigrated to Van Dieman's Land in 1851 on the 'London'. Mary's mother, Ann, and brother, Archibald junior, both died on the voyage. Her father, Archibald BOREHILL, was a military pensioner. Although his death does not appear to have been officially registered, he was buried at Franklin on October 25, 1852, aged 43. Jacob and Mary migrated to New South Wales son after the birth of their first child, Robert James. They lived in both Sydney and Newcastle before finally settling near Lismore in northern New South Wales in the late 1860's.
Jacob and Mary are known to have had at least fivechildren, including three sons. It may be that the WOOLLEY's in the Lismore area today are thier descendants."(from WOOLLEY, 1987, P.12).
"Baptised, married and generally known as Jacob, he abruptly changed his name to Henry in the late 1860's. It seems that at about that time he left his wife to live with another woman, Margaret STEWART.
14. Robert Charles WOOLLEY (William, 10). Born, 27 Sep 1838, in Hobart,
Tas. Died, 11 Sep 1909, in Dover.
He married Clarinda ROWE, 24 Dec 1863, in Franklin, Tas. Born, 22 May
1850, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 26 Jun 1943, in Hobart, Tas. Children:
i.Mary Ann. Born, 28 Jun 1865, in Long Bay, Tas. Died, 18 Aug 1955, in Hobart, Tas. She married Francis Eugene KOOLYKOFF.
ii.Elizabeth Jane. Born, 7 Apr 1867, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 1955. She married Denis LOCKLEY.
29 iii.William John.
iv.Richard. Born, 3 Jun 1871, in Gardners Bay, Tas. Died, 15 Oct 1871, in Southport, Tas.
v.Richard Robert. Born, 25 Sep 1872, in Southport, Tas. Died, 23 Mar 1874, in Southport, Tas.
vi.Ellen. Born, 31 Oct 1874, in Southport, Tas. Died, 17 Mar 1875, in Southport, Tas.
vii.Sarah Ann. Born, 1 Jan 1876, in Southport, Tas. Died, 7 Mar 1876, in Southport, Tas.
viii.James Robert. Born, 9 Feb 1877, in Southport, Tas. Died, 6 Jul 1877, in Southport, Tas.
ix.Melinda. Born, 25 Jan 1878, in Southport, Tas. Died, 16 Feb 1878, in Southport, Tas.
x.Harriett Clarinda. Born, 22 Apr 1879, in Hastings, Tas. Died, 16 Sep 1948, in Hobart, Tas. She married, first, Ezekiel TRUEMAN. She married, second, Arthur John GEARD.
xi.George. Born, 1 Sep 1880, in Hastings, Tas. Died, 2 Jun 1957, in Hobart, Tas. He married Sarah Ann NOLAN.
xii.Robert James. Born, 26 Dec 1881, in Hastings, Tas. Died, 31 Jan 1882, in Hastings, Vic.
xiii.Thomas David. Born, 16 May 1883, in Hastings, Tas. Died, 19 Nov 1953, in Huonville, Tas. He married Elizabeth MARTYN.
xiv.Albert Charles. Born, 13 Jul 1884, in Hastings, Tas. Died, 8 Oct 1917, in France. He married Jennie HAY.
xv.Gertrude. Born, 15 Jul 1889, in Gard.Is. Crk., Tas. She married Harry Herbert WOOD.
"Like his father and elder brothers, Robert spent a good part of his working life in the timber industry. The mills required a mobile work force, and Robert and his wife Clarinda ROWE, whom he married at Franklin on December 24, 1863, were obliged to move frequently. They lived for short periods at Long Bay (Gordon), Franklin and Gardners Bay before settling at Southport in 1871.
Folowing the death of their daughter, Melinda in1878, Robert and Clarinda moved to Hastings. They remianed there for five years before shifting to Garden Island Creek, where their fifteenth and final child, Gertrude, was born in 1889. By 1900, the family was at Dover. Robert and Clarinda suffered the heartbreak of losing several of their children in infancy. Their time at Southport was particularly tragic, with six children dying there in the space of seven years.
Robert died at Dover on September 11, 1909, Clarinda survived him by many years, living firstly at Dover with her widowed daughter. Mary Ann KOOLYKOFF, and later with her grand daughter, Gladys EVANS, at Geeveston.
Clarinda died at Hobart on June 26, 1943, aged 93. She was buried with Robert in the Congregational Church Cemetery at Dover.
Clarinda's grand daughter, Mrs C.M. LANCASTAR, recalls that her grandmother had at least two brothers (James and John Henry) and one sister (Elizabeth).
On the basis of this information, it seems likely that Clarinda was the daughter of James ROWE, a ship's carpenter, and his wife Mary. If she was the unnamed daughter born to them in Hobart in February 1850, then at the time of her wedding, she would have been significantly younger than the 16 years listed on her marriage certificate. In fact she would have been a 13 1/2 year old bride." (WOOLLEY, 1987, p.13).
15. Talitha Jane WOOLLEY (William, 10). Born, 7 Aug 1842, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 31 Aug 1894, in East Melbourne, Vic.
She married Edward Samuel CHAPMAN, 11 Jul 1860, in Hobart, Tas. Born, 1
Jun 1846, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 9 Jun 1892, in East Melbourne, Vic. Children:
i.Edward Ernest. Born, 29 Dec 1858, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 1914, in Collingwood, Vic. He married Ruth ATWELL.
ii.Catherine Tabitha. Born, 10 Aug 1860, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 7 Feb 1862, in Hobart, Tas.
iii.Josephine Frances. Born, 20 Oct 1862, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 1886, in East Melbourne, Vic. She married Alfred Chapman DAVIES.
30 iv.Juliet El
vMelinda. Born, 1868, in Collingwood, Vic (VBI 8436/1868).
vi.Annie Maria. Born, 1869, in Collingwood, Vic (VBI 14612/1869). Died, 1870, in Collingwood, Vic.
vii.Florence Amelia. Born, 1870, in Collingwood, Vic (VBI 22412/1870). Died, 1893, in East Melbourne, Vic.
viii.Ellen Ada. Born, 1872, in Collingwood, Vic (VBI 15291/1872). Died, 1894, in East Melbourne, Vic.
ix.Isabella Zerline. Born, 1874, in South Melbourne, Vic (VBI 17610/1874).
x.Etienne Samuel. Born, 1876, in Melbourne, Vic (VBI 10695/1876). Died, 1949, in Surrey Hills, Vic (VDI 13191/1949, aged 73). He married Winifred Kate KELWAY.
xi.Percy Shakespeare. Born, 1878, in Melbourne, Vic (VBI 10314/1878). Died, 1900, in Ascot Vale, Vic.
xii.Charles William. Born, 1879, in Melbourne, Vic (VBI 24479/1879). Died, 1880, in Melbourne, Vic.
xiii.Edith May. Born, 1881, in Melbourne, Vic (VBI 10876/1881). Died, 1898, in Box Hill, Vic.
xiv.Rosa. Born, 1883, in Melbourne, Vic (VBI 10816/1883). Died, 1883, in South Melbourne, Vic.
xv.Ethel Gertrude. Born, 1886, in Melbourne, Vic (VBI 27686/1886). Died, 1886, in East Melbourne.
"In the break up of William and Melinda's marriage, Talitha had remained in Hobart with her mother and Joseph. On December 29, 1858, she gave birth to an illigitimate son, Edward Ernest.
Talitha was working as a dress amker when she married Edward Samuel CHAPMAN, a compositor (type setter), on July 11, 1860, in her stepfather Joseph's house at 52 Bathurst Street. Edward had been born in Hobart on June 1, 1842. He was the sone of Edward Samuel CHAPMAN senior, a licensed victualler, by his first wife Catherine CAREY.
After the birth of their daughter Josephine Frances in October, 1862, Edward and Talitha moved to Melbourne, where Edward worked as a journalist.
Edward died at East Melbourne on June 9, 1892. Liver cancer brought Talitha's death a little over two years later on August 31, 1894. She was survived by only seven of her fifteen children."(from a book by Richie WOOLLEY, 1987, P.12.)
16. Robert Benjamin George WOOLLEY (Benjamin, 11). Born, circa 1840, in
Bowden, SA. Died, 16 Aug 1888, in Sheepwash Rd., Sandhurst, Vic (VDI
He married Mary Ann BROWN, 1870, in Sandhurst, Vic (VMI 3184/1870). Born,
1832. Died, 1913, in East Melbourne (VDI 14037/1913). Children:
ii.Louisa. Born, 1872, in Sandhurst, Vic (VBI 11680/1872). Died, 1907, in East Melbourne, Vic (VDI 13058/1907).
17. Phillip WOOLLEY (Benjamin, 11). Born, circa 1845, in SA. Died, 16 Jan 1907, in Echuca, Vic.
He married, first, Sarah COXEN, circa 1866, in Bendigo, Vic. Born, circa
i.Harriet. Born, circa 1866, in Vic.
ii.William. Born, circa 1867, in Vic.
He married, second, Lydia Sarah RUSSELL, daughter of William RUSSELL and
Sarah WILKINSON, 28 Sep 1870, in Sandhurst, Vic (VMI 556/1870). Born, 6 Nov
1848, in Hobart, Tas (TBI RGD 1183/1848). Died, 27 May 1890, in Swan Hill, Vic.
32 iii.Robert William.
33 iv.Phillip Carvis.
34 v.Benjamin George.
He married, third, Ann MCCART, daughter of John MCCART and Janet SPRAKE,
circa 1892, in Bendigo, Vic. Born, 1873, in Marong, Vic. Children:
vi.William. Born, 1894, in Echuca, Vic (VBI 20255/1894). Died, 1951, in Heidelberg, Vic (VDI 2761/1951).
vii.Claude James. Born, 1896, in Echuca, Vic (VBI 13187/1896). Died, 1896, in Echuca, Vic (VDI 15187/1896).
viii.Violet. Born, 1897, in Echuca, Vic (VBI 2865/1897). Died, 1924, in Vic.
ix.Myrtle. Born, 1900, in Echuca, Vic (VBI 2866/1900). Died, 1934, in Trafalgar, Vic (VDI 15212/1934). She married Edgar Ashton STONHAM, 1922, in vIC (VMI 5399/1922).
x.Ivie. Born, 1903, in Vic (VBI 10131/1903). She married John CORRIGAN, 1926, in Vic (VMI 1399/1926).
Phillip WOOLLEY and Sarah COXEN
By the time their father Benjamin died, the four youngest children had reached the following ages - Robert 14, Phillip 11, William 8 and Benjamin 6. I have no knowledge of what happenned to the brothers over the next 10 years. However, some time around 1866, Phillip married Sarah COXEN at Bendigo when he was aged 21 years.
The only details I have of this marriage come from Phillip's death certificate as I cannot find mention of it in the VMI. They had one son, William born 1867, and he was still alive in 1907 aged 40 years. I do not know anything of Sarah's fate as there is no record in the VDI of her death. Phillip's death certificate does state that he lived for a time in New South Wales so perhaps a check of the NSWDI might locate Sarah.
Phillip WOOLLEY and Lydia RUSSELL
Sarah was no longer around in 1870 because on 28 September that year Phillip, then a brickmaker, married Lydia RUSSELL in the Manse of the Presbyterian Church at Sandhurst. He was then 26 years old. Lydia was 21. Witnesses to the wedding were Robert WOOLLEY and Mary Anne WOOLLEY who was presumably his wife .
Lydia Sarah RUSSELL was born on 16 November, 1848, in Hobart, Tasmania to William RUSSELL and Sarah WILKINSON. One of seven children, she it seems that she already was the mother of an illegitimate daughter Harriet who was to be raised as a WOOLLEY.
Lydia aged 17, gave birth to Harriet on 20 October, 1866. According to her birth certificate her father was Patrick COLLINS, a butcher. It is not known what happened to Patrick. Nor do I know whether or not Lydia came to Victoria with other members of her family. Certainly at the time she married Phillip, Harriet was about three years old .
Lydia and Phillip were to have three children -
1. Robert William born 1876
2. Phillip Carvis born 14 June, 1878
3. Benjamin George born 1880
By 1890 they were living in Swan Hill. Around the 19 May of that year, Lydia took ill with Bronchitis and after being admitted to the Swan Hill Hospital died 8 days later on 27 May. Two days later on 29 May, 1890 she was buried at the Swan Hill Cemetery.
Phillip WOOLLEY and Annie MCCART
Phillip returned again to Bendigo and with several young children found himself in a similar position to his own father. In 1892 he married for a third time. This wife's name was Annie MCCART who had been born at Marong near Bendigo in 1873. Her parents were John MCCART, an Irishman from County Antrim, and, Janet SPRAKE, apparently an Aboriginal (see MCCART Chapter).
Phillip and Annie had five children -
1. William born 1895
2. Claude James born 1896
3. Violet born 1897
4. Myrtle born 1900
5. Ivie born 1904
Phillip, Annie and family moved to Echuca.
Some 205 kilometres north of Melbourne on opposite banks of the Murray River lie the twin towns of Echuca and Moama. The banks of the Murray near the towns slope gently down to the river and provided easy access and crossing points for the sheep and cattle which were herded in large numbers from NSW to the new colony of Victoria in the 1840's. The towns lay on the main stock route between the Riverina and Melbourne and the population boom resulting from the gold rushes, in particular to the Bendigo area, saw the stock numbers increase tremendously.
Large profits were available to the overlanders who could drive their cattle from Sydney to the growing markets of Melbourne and Adelaide. In 1838 two parties, one including Charles BONNEY and Joseph HAWDON, and the second led by Charles STURT passed the site of Echuca.
"HAWDON's party set out in January that year from a point on the Goulburn River near the site of the present Mitcheltton winery, having first gathered up cattle from different owners interested in selling stock in drought-stricken Adelaide. They roughly folowed the course of the Goulburn, but on one occasion, after leaving the river to find a better route for the cattle, came upon a stream much discoloured and three times the size of teh one they had been folowing. The leaders rightly suspected that this was not the Goulburn but the 'Hume', and shortly afterwards came to the Murray-Goulburn junction. HAWDON noted in his journal :
'The country is quite flat, and heavily timbered, and this part of it evidently much resorted to by aborigines...Seven miles further [i.e. from the Goulburn junction] we came upon a deep creek with deep reaches of water in it. In wet seasons a considerable body of water must run in its bed. This was the first watercourse coming into the river that I had crossed. we here fell in with a tribe of Natives, consisting principally of old men, women and children.'"
HAWDON had come across the Campaspe and the next morning he wrote -
'We proceeded two miles further up the creek, where we had to cut away the bank with pickaxes before we could get the drays over, and even then we were obliged to unload and carry up the goods by hand.'
STURT left Sydney in April 1838 and described the Goulburn-Murray junction as being "most beautifully fringed with acacia of a dark green hue."
Between 1842 and 1843 pastoral runs were established by squatters and soon afterwards the change from cattle to wool production lead directly to the establishment of the river trade.
In 1845 James MAIDEN estaablished a punt and hotel at a crossing upstream of the present Iron Bridge which became known as Maiden's Punt and later as Moama. By "...1852 the little settlement enjoyed a brief period as the biggest cattle selling mart outside Melbourne - at a time when Echuca simply did not exist."
In 1853 Henry HOPWOOD set up a rival punt downstream of MAIDEN's and begaan encouraging people on the south side of the river to use his route. When he built a pontoon bridge over the Murray and later a bridge over the Campaspe he virtually controlled the route and Moama declined in importance.
On 24 September, 1853, "Captain William RANDELL, in his boat Mary Ann, steamed up the Murray as far as Moama and thereby made history as the first man to navigate so far up this river." Ten days after RANDELL left from South Australia, Captain Francis CADELL, R.N., set out on board his larger vessel the Lady Augusta with an official party. He overtook RANDELL at Euston and they passed each other several times over the ensuing days until the 17th September when they both arrived at Swan Hill. Within ten years paddle steamers were a familar sight on the navigable reaches of the Murray-Darling river systems. (See Figure 1)
By 1864, Echuca had been chosen as the terminous of a railway from Melbourne which "...led to further development, to the introduction of the first form of local government and to a general feeling that this part of the colony had 'arrived'. By the late 1870's Echuca was being spoken of as the 'Chicago of the south' and a possible site for the capital of Australia." It had become the preeminent port on the rivers and was handling the wool trade for the entire system.
The New South Wales government, knowing that a lot of trade would be lost across the border, imposed large tariffs on goods carried by the river trade. At some ports all people crossing the border were searched to ensuree the relevant customs duties were paid. Often the steamers would tie up on the banks at pre-designated spots to avoid the tariffs. Over the next 36 years, until Federation in 1901, the three state governments, Victoria, New South Wales and South Australia, were responsible for imposing tariffs and duties. With Federation free trade was introduced.
By 1872 the river trade had reached its height and Echuca was Australia's busiest inland port. The original whark, built by wool interests was nothing more than a loading platform. "The first wharf extension was begun in 1874 and was hardly completed when further improvements were made in 1879 - more cranes, rail tracks and sheds, as well as an overhead bridge across the tracks. The greatest improvement of all, the extension of the wharf to five times its present length - making it almost three-quarters of a mile long - was begun in 1884, at a time when the writing was clearly on the wall for the steamer trade. This extension took the wharf south into the dock area and also further north along the river front was now occupied by the sawmill. A hydraulic system serving cranes and locomotives was installed under the wharf decking, bringing water from the brick Pump House which still stands today near the western approach to the Iron Bridge."
The wharf was controlled by a railway official known as a wharfmaster and he lived in a house on the present saw mill site until it was washed away in a flood about 1890. A railway line ran into a woolshed at the southern end of the wharf, and an hydraulic wool press operated nearby. Engines shunted railway trucks inside, to be filled from boats and barges tied at the wharf. Seven men worked to each crane, trundling the wool in handcarts across the platform inside the shed. This platform was built above ground level at the right height for loadin gthe wool directly into the railway trucks and ran right across the northern end of the shed to allow wharf hands to push their carts through to trucks waiting on another line on the far side.
The Murray River at Echuca varies as much as 25 feet (8 metres) between summer and winter levels and the wharf was built to allow boats to discharge cargo under almost any conditions. The season ran from about April to November eeach year.
The river height was of great importance to steamer captains. A 'rise' due to heavy rain higher up in the catchment area might help them to get to a station down river before the level fell again. Dry summers meant that the river trade was at a standstill with dozens of steamers tied up to trees on the bank downstream from the wharf in what became known as 'Rotten Row'.
"River boats played an important part in the opening up of the outback. They replaced bullock teams as universal carriers because they were faster and cheaper and could carry greater loads. They reached isolated areas within a reasonable time and thus encouraged settlement in previously unoccupied areas of inland New South Wales. Other forms of transport provided feeder services to the boats. Teams of camels and bullocks brought wool to towns and stations along the Darling and Murrumbidgee Rivers, and it was picked up from there by steamers and brought to the railhead at echuca. Bullock teams were used to bring wool to the wharf from the plains north of Echuca and horse teams played an important role in carting wool and wheat grown by the selectors of the 1870's. They were also used well into the next century."
Despite its preeminence on the river, Echuca did not impress everyone. In the middle of a drought in the summer of 1867 a well-travelled British author Sir Charles DILKE wrote -
"The 'esplanade' I found to be a myth and the fleet of steam packets was drawn up in a long line upon the mud, there being in this summer no water in which it could float. The Murray in February is a steamless ditch, which in America, if known and named at all, would rank as a tenth rate river."
But these views were in contrast to those of 'The Vagabond' a journalist employed first by The Argus and later The Age and The Leader who travelled Australia in the 1880's and whose articles were published on a regular basis commenting on life in town and country. In The Argus on the 4 October, 1884, he gives us some idea of what Echuca was like around the time that Phillip WOOLLEY moved there with his family. He wrote -
"Echuca is as nicely laid out as Beechworth; the streets are long and broad, the sidewalks bordered with English and native trees, the roadways paved with redgum, which after 17 years' wear and tear of traffic is still in splendid condition. This wood, which has its native habitat in the midst of the flood and swamp, withstands all moisture, and is better adapted than any in the world for road and pavements. Redgum would be invaluable in wet English streets, and I am surprised it has not yet been introduced into Great Britain for pavement purposes...
Echuca is situated on a peninsula formed by the Murray and Campaspe rivers, and is the terminus of the Northern Railway, the Deniliquin and Moama Railway, and also the chief entrepot of the overland and Riverine intercolonial trade...From Echuca steamers ply during the winter months to Albury and the intermediate ports on the Murrimbidgee and Darling rivers, on the other. In 1882 the trade of the Murray River ports amounted to 4,145,316 pounds, and in 1883 to 3,062,899 pounds - a decrease of 1,082,417 pounds; and in the falling off in last years imports in the colony, no less than 700,000 pounds has to be debited to the port of Echuca...
The railway station is undoubtedly the finest public building in Echuca. Every accomodation has been provided for the traffic of the northern line and of the Deniliquin and Moama railroad, which crosses over the Murray-bridge and makes its southern terminus here. This is the finest structure of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere. It is of iron; upwards of 4,000 tons was used in its construction; it is 1,905 feet long, cost 124,0000 pounds, and was made at the joint expense of the two colonies - Victoria and New South Wales. It was opened in March, 1879, but not with any great public display, the inhabitants of Echuca and Moama rushing it by force, being laudably incensed at the delay in arranging the colection of the Customs duties...
Turning from the Victorian bank, we walk into New South Wales. There are Custom-house officers at each end of the bridge, and a wire enables them to communicate from side to side the movements of any suspicious individual. But there is little fear of anyone smuggling anything into New South Wales from Victoria.'
For several years prior to his death Phillip worked as a Brickmaker for Mr. W. HANCOCK of Kow Swamp. His son Robert worked there also and I believe that both Phillip and Benjamin did also. The following information comes from the Magisterial Inquiry (Coroners Inquest Brief) into Phillip's death which is now held at the Public Records Office of Victoria.
On the morning of Wednesday, 16 January, 1907, Phillip took a horse and dray from his place of employment at Kow Swamp and went in search of sand on the Gunbower to Cohuna road. Somewhere along the road he was passed by George Herbert DOCKING, mounted constable of Gunbower, who said good morning to him and who later said that Phillip appeared to be in good health.
It seems that Phillip had been a hard worker but age had begun to take its toll. According to his son Robert -
"For the past few years he has not worked very hard, only doing the odd jobs and supervising the kilns."
He had never had major health problems. Robert stated he could not remember him being ill from anything worse than a cold and to his knowledge had never been to a doctor.
About 4.30 in the afternoon of the 16th he had a conversation with Nancy HANCOCK who I assume was the owners wife. She described him as appearing in "...his usual health and spirits."
At about 5.00 O'clock he had returned to his home at Kow Swamp which seems to have been on the premises of the brickworks and complained of a headache to his wife Annie. Shortly after having been told that his father was ill Robert arrived. Annie stated -
"Once or twice before I remember him complaining of a headache and I did not think there was anything serious the matter with him on this occasion. After complaining of his head he laid down on the bed and I put wet bandages on his head, he then vommitted a little. He was conscious for a few minutes then lapsed into unconsciousness and we carried him outside to see if the fresh air would revive him. he continued in this state for about ten minutes and then he died."
The coroners inquest was held the following day on 17 January, 1907 in the midland Bailiwick of Victoria and a verdict of death from "Natural causes, the probable specific cause being heart failure" was handed down.
Annie stated that "...the family lived on happy terms together..." and described Phillip as being "...fairly stout and of temperate habits." Nancy HANCOCK stated, "He always appeared to me to be a man of quiet and cheerful disposition and I believe he lived happily with his family." So it seems that Phillip was liked and respected by those who knew him.
Annie was left alone to raise four children under twelve years of age. Claude James had died aged only 11 days in 1896. Annie probably had a lot of family support because by that time two of her sisters, Janet and Mary were living with their spouses in Echuca. Janet was living with Phillip's son, Phillip Carvis WOOLLEY (see Following Chapters) and Mary had married William KNIGHT (see MCCART Chapter).
There is an Anne WOOLLEY who was buried at Echuca Cememtery, aged 39 years on 14 March, 1916. Her residence was Hovell Street, Echuca and I believe this is Annie WOOLLEY nee MCCART.
18. John James WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 2 Oct 1855, in Cradoc, Tas. Died, 15 Jul 1937, in Auckland, NZ.
He married Louisa SMITH, 25 Dec 1878, in Glen Huon Tas. Born, before 1862. Died, 14 Sep 1937, in Auckland, NZ. Children:
35 i.Amy Elizabeth.
36 ii.Charlotte Louisa.
37 iii.Herbert Ernest John.
39 v.Ethel Isabell.
vi.Esau Samuel. Born, 23 Oct 1891, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 11 Sep 1942. He married Jessie LUCAS.
40 vii.Tasman Oliver.
viii.John James. Born, 19 Dec 1903, in Hamilton, NZ. Died, 1903.
41 ix.John James.
19. Henry Benjamin WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 2 Feb 1858, in Cradoc, Tas. Died, 14 Mar 1932, in Hobart, Tas.
He married Emily Rose BYLAND EVANS, 22 Jun 1885, in Franklin, Tas. Born, 4 Jun 1862, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 6 Apr 1944, in Hobart, Tas. Children:
i.Louisa. Born, 2 Oct 1885, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 10 Oct 1885, in Glen Huon, Tas.
42 ii.Thomas Seymour.
47 vii.Henry Benjamin.
viii.Leslie. Born, 27 Sep 1899, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 28 Jan 1987, in Franklin, Tas. He married Frances Mary HALLETT.
49 x.Algie Lysle.
xiBorn, 1903, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 1903, in Glen Huon, Tas.
50 xii.Wilfred Arthur.
20. Thomas William WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 25 Sep 1859, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 24 Jan 1934, in Glen Huon, Tas.
He married Phoebe Ellen BYLAND EVANS, 25 Dec 1893, in Franklin, Tas. Born, 23 Jan 1873, in Hobart, Tas. Died, 20 Nov 1952, in Glen Huon, Tas.
ii.Frederick. Born, 4 Jun 1894, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 4 Jun 1894, in Glen Huon, Tas.
55 vi.Arthur William.
21. Samuel Robert WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 25 Sep 1859, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 24 Aug 1937, in Glen Huon, Tas.
He married Julia Ann BYLAND EVANS, 12 Jul 1882, in Glen Huon, Tas. Born, before 1867, in Glen Huon, Tas. Children:
56 i.Arthur John.
ii.Emily. Born, 29 Nov 1886, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 1 Feb 1887, in Glen Huon, Tas.
iv.Frederick. Born, after 1888, in Glen Huon, Tas.
vi.Mabel. Born, 18 Dec 1895, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 13 Aug 1971, in Franklin, Tas. She married Charles Gordon BENDER.
59 vii.Samuel Robert.
60 viii.Archie Victor.
22. Edward Robert WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 21 Nov 1862, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 7 Jan 1946, in Franklin, Tas.
He married, first, Eliza Ann BESTER, 31 Oct 1882, in Franklin, Tas. Born, 30 Jun 1858, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 11 Dec 1890, in Glen Huon, Tas. Children:
62 i.Robert Edward.
64 iii.Albert Henry.
iv.Annie Eliza. Born, 2 May 1887, in Tas. Died, 22 Aug 1926, in Franklin, Tas.
65 v.Norman John.
66 vi.Eliza Ann.
He married, second, Esther Sophia JACKSON, after 1882. Children:
vii.Sylvia. Born, 13 Jul 1897, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 18 Sep 1960, in New Town, Tas.
67 viii.Percy Edward.
68 ix.Clarice Sophia.
23. Jane Isabella WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 17 Sep 1864, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 3 May 1934, in New Norfolk, Tas.
She married George Francis TREMAYNE, 2 Sep 1892, in Hobart, Tas. Born, 14 Nov 1870, in New Norfolk, Tas. Died, 20 Nov 1952, in New Norfolk, Tas.
69 i.Olive Florence.
ii.Edward George. Born, 24 Jan 1895, in Plenty, Tas. Died, 27 Apr 1895, in Plenty, Tas.
70 iii.Linda Frances.
iv.Ruby Ann Gladys. Born, 12 May 1898, in Plenty, Tas. Died, 2 Oct 1942, in Judbury, Tas. She married Ernest WOOLLEY.
v.George Frederick. Born in Plenty, Tas. He married Florence BUTLER.
24. Annie Elizabeth WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 7 Mar 1866, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 31 Dec 1940, in Glen Huon, Tas.
She married, first, an unknown man. Children:
i.Byron. Born, 20 Nov 1889, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 16 Jun 1912, in Glen Huon, Tas.
She married, second, Thomas BESTER, 18 Jan 1892, in Glen Huon, Tas. Born, before 1877. Children:
71 ii.Henry William.
iii.Thomas. Born, 28 Oct 1892, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 9 Nov 1912.
74 vi.Emily Winifred.
vii.Robert. Born, 28 Oct 1900, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 4 Apr 1985, in Franklin, Tas. He married Esther Joanna MILLER.
viii.Eliza. Born, 28 Nov 1901, in Glen Huon, Tas. She married George WILLIAMS.
75 ix.Annie May.
xi.Frank. Born, 14 Nov 1908, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 14 Nov 1908, in Glen Huon, Tas.
77 xii.Evelyn Jean.
25. Melinda WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 11 Jun 1867, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 15 Nov 1933, in Franklin, Tas.
She married Thomas WELDON, 14 May 1891, in Hobart, Tas. Born, 5 Nov 1867. Died, 11 Jan 1938, in Hobart, Tas. Children:
ii.Charles. Born, 20 May 1893, in Ranelagh, Tas. Died, 7 Jun 1917, in France.
81 v.John Franklin.
vi.Effie. Born, 22 Nov 1902, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 9 Apr 1976, in New Town, Tas.
26. Phillip Benjamin WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 12 Apr 1873, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 5 Jan 1950, in Hobart, Tas.
He married Ada Mary LATHAM, 14 Apr 1897, in Franklin, Tas. Born, 5 May 1870, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 27 Apr 1935, in Huonville, Tas. Children:
83 i.Herbert John.
84 ii.Clifford Phillip.
85 iii.Harold Charles.
86 iv.Cyril Gordon.
v.William. Born, 11 May 1904, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 23 May 1904, in Glen Huon, Tas.
87 vi.Greta Mary.
88 vii.Basil Clarence.
89 viii.Alma Ada.
ix.Phyllis Margaret. Born, 22 Aug 1914, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 31 Aug 1914, in Glen Huon, Tas.
27. Mary Eliza WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 4 Feb 1876, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 12 Nov 1909, in Glen Huon, Tas.
She married William Henry BESTER, 16 Mar 1894, in Franklin, Tas. Born, 17 Mar 1864, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 2 Aug 1944, in Hobart, Tas. Children:
90 i.Albert Henry.
ii.Emily Ina. Born, 31 Oct 1895, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 23 Aug 1911, in Hobart, Tas. She married Cleveland WIGGINS.
iv.Pearl. Born, 8 Feb 1909, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 10 Aug 1909, in Glen Huon, Tas.
28. Charles Frederick WOOLLEY (John, 12). Born, 27 Jan 1878, in Franklin, Tas. Died, 18 May 1955, in Lonnavale, Tas.
He married, first, Mary HELM, 6 May 1903, in Judbury, Tas. Born, 22 Apr 1874, in Judbury, Tas. Died, 17 Nov 1935, in Glen Huon, Tas. Children:
93 ii.Cecil Charles.
94 iii.Ronald Ashton.
v.Tasman. Born, 7 Apr 1912, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 19 Sep 1912, in Glen Huon, Tas.
vi.Robert Byron. Born, 26 Jul 1913, in Glen Huon, Tas. Died, 18 Sep 1914, in Glen Huon, Tas.
He married, second, Elsie Martha MCLEOD, before 1951. Children:
96 vii.Byron Frederick.
29. William John WOOLLEY (Robert Charles, 14). Born, 27 Mar 1869, in Long Bay, Tas. Died, 22 Jul 1903, in Dover, Tas.
He married Emily Louise BOWMAN. Children:
i.Arthur Tasman. Born, 1893, in Tas. Died, 1917.
ii.William John. Born, 1894, in Tas. Died, 1896.
30. Juliet Elizabeth CHAPMAN. Born, 1866, in Collingwood, Vic (VBI 14082/1866). Died, 1945, in Brighton, Vic.
She married Thomas CRAVEN, before 1892, in Vic. Children:
i.Emilie Josephine. Born, 1892, in Richmond, Vic (VBI 7404/1892).
ii.Edward Alfred. Born, 1894, in Richmond, Vic (VBI 32487/1894).
iii.Vera May. Born, 1896, in Clifton Hill, Vic (VBI 18731/1896).
iv.Doris Alice Anna. Born, 1898, in Clifton Hill, Vic (VBI 25330/1898). She married Alfred Samuel SHERWOOD, 1919, in Vic (VMI 10588/1919).
v.Harold Ben. Born, 1901, in Clifton Hill, Vic (VBI 18038/1901).
vi.Winnifred Grace. Born, 1904, in Clifton Hill, Vic (VBI 2022/1904) She married Martin Charles BURT, 1927, in Vic (VMI 13124/1927).
vii.Arthur Etienne. Born, 1907, in Clifton Hill, Vic (VBI 9601/1907).
viii.Jack Victor. Born, 1911, in Clifton Hill, Vic (VBI 10226/1911).
31. Elizabeth WOOLLEY (Robert Benjamin George, 16). Born, 1867, in Sandhurst, Vic (VBI 17876/1867).
She married Arthur Edward O'LEARY, 1889, in Sandhurst, Vic (VMI 1790/1889). Born, circa 1866. Died, 1925, in St Kilda, Vic (VDI 3374/1925).
i.Arthur Robert John. Born, 1891, in Coburg, Vic (VBI 21507/1891).
ii.Elizabeth Kathleen. Born, 1893, in Coburg, Vic (VBI 02550/1893).
iii.Dorothy Louise. Born, 1895, in Bendigo, Vic (VBI 941/1895).
iv.Irene Francis. Born, 1896, in Carlton, Vic (VBI 17986/1896). Died, 1928, in St Kilda, Vic (VDI 12579/1928).
v.Eugene William. Born, 1900, in Castlemaine, Vic (VBI 1952/1900).
vi.Jno Gerard. Born, 1901, in Castlemaine, Vic (VBI 17841/1901).
vii.Leo Frances. Born, 1903, in Castlemaine, Vic (VBI 9309/1903). Died, 1943, in Prahran, Vic (VDI 1958/1943).
viii.Patrick. Born, 1905, in Geelong, Vic (VBI 3249/1905). Died, 1905, in Geelong, Vic (VDI 1705/1905 aged 1 day).
ix.Brian Vincent. Born, 1906, in Geelong, Vic (VBI 18898/1906).
32. Robert William WOOLLEY (Phillip, 17). Born, circa 1876, in Vic. Died, 1934, in Cohuna, Vic.
He married, first, Alice Rosetta NELSON, 1899, in Moama, NSW (VMI 520/1899). Born, circa 1885, in NSW. Died, 12 Nov 1951, in Elsterwick, Vic (VDI 628/1952 aged 67 years). Children:
i.Robert Victor. Born, 1899, in Moama, NSW (NSWBI 13666/1899). Died, 1899, in Echuca, Vic (VDI 13450/1899).
iii.Phillip Ross. Born, 1902, in Vic (VBI 10020/1902). Died, 1902, in Echuca, Vic (VDI 5370/1902).
iv.Clarence (Clarrie) Henry. Born, 21 Jun 1903, in Echuca, Vic (VBI 17607/1903). Died in Koondrook, Vic. He married Frances SOUTHERN, 1926, in Vic (VMI 6260/1926).
98 v.Grace Elizabeth.
He married, second, Irene Alice MARK. Children:
ix.Irene Alice. Born, 1916, in Vic?. Died, 1923, in Vic?.
33. Phillip Carvis WOOLLEY (Phillip, 17). Born, 14 Jun 1878, in Echuca, Vic (VBI 18539/1878). Died, 1947, in Kensington, Vic (VDI 4290/1947).
He married Janet MCCART, daughter of John MCCART and Janet SPRAKE, circa 1930. Born, 16 Sep 1878, in Marong, Vic. Died, 23 Sep 1961, in Brunswick, Vic.
103 iii. Robert James.
105 v. Phillip Carvis.
vi.William Henry. Born, 1913, in Vic (11885/1913). Died, 8 Sep 1932, in Yarra River, Melbourne, Vic (VDI 1552/1932).
vii.Claude Rolland. Born, 17 Jun 1915, in Echuca, Vic. Died, 11 Sep 1956, in 33 Warncliffe Rd, East Ivanhoe, Vic (VDI 01456/1956).
Claude WOOLLEY, single labourer, joined the 2nd AIF at South Melbourne on 23 April, 1940, aged 24 years and 10 months. Hegave his next of kin as his father, Philip Carvis WOOLLEY, of 11 Bent St., Kensington. Claude had dark brown hair, hazel eyes, a scar on his right forehead, tattoo of a scrool on his left upper arm, and, clasped hands with Love Lucy inscribed and a butterfly on his right wrist.
On 15/09/1940 he embarked for the Middle East with the 2/5
Battalion arriving on 12/10/1940 in Palestine.
On 28/10/1940 he was evacuated to 1 Australian General
Hospital with Sandfly fever and rejoined his unit on 09/11/1940.
On 22/11/1940 he was charged with 'Conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline' for which he received 5 days C.B.
On 08/01/1941 he marched out to the 2/5 Battalion Staging Camp at Bait Jirja and by 10/01/1941 the unit was stationed in Egypt.
On 24/03/1941 he was evacuated to 9 British General Hospital with Haemorrhoids and was transferred to 1 N.Z. convalescent depot on 11/04/1941 and then to 1 Aust Convalescent Depot on 15/04/1941. On 05/05/1941 he was reassigned to 17 Australian Infantry Training Battalion and returned to his unit on 13/05/1941.
Over the next few months he was in and out of trouble. After being found in a prohibited area he was arrested but escaped from custody. He was fined 2 pounds.
On 06/06/1941 he disobeyed Camp Standing Orders and received 3 days C.B.
On 14/06/1941 he was charged with conduct to the prejudice of good order and military discipline.
On 21/07/1941 he went A.W.L.
On 10/03/1942 he embarked for Ceylon and arrived in Colombo on 24/03/1942.
He fell ill again with an infection to his right ear and was admitted to hospital from 23/04 to 03/05/1942. He was back with his battalion on 06/05/1942 and remained in Ceylon until they embarked on 11/07/1942 and arrived in Melbourne on 04/08/1942.
He went A.W.L. on three occasions whilst in Victoria and received a total of 2 pounds fine and 12 days C.B. with an automatic forfeiture of 5 days pay.
The unit marched out to NSW and Claude was detached for duty ot HQ of 17 Australian Infantry Brigade Protectioon Platoon.
On 08/10/1942 he embarked form Brisbane for New Guinea where he disembarked on 17/10/1942.
On 21/09/1943 he embarked from Milne Bay and arrived in Cairns on 23/09/1943. He transferred on 07/12/1943 to HQ 17 Australian Infantry Brigade.
Throughout March and April of 1944 he sufferred badly from haemorrhoids and constipation and was in and out of hospital. He remained in Queensland for the rest of his service and was promoted to Acting Corporal on 21/11/1945 and was finally discharged on 28/02/1946.
106 viii. Alice Jean.
34. Benjamin George WOOLLEY (Phillip, 17). Born, 1880, in Echuca, Vic (VBI 2293/1880).
He married Rubina GARNER, 1914, in Vic (VMI 6438/1914). Born, 1891, in Koondrook, Vic (VBI 14133/1891). Children:
i.Elizabeth Phylllis. Born, circa 1914. Died, 1916, in Cohuna, Vic (VDI 9658/1916).